or…. with the knowledge of today….
Jan Deutekom / Ineke van de Craats
Continue reading “How high are your expectations?”
”When Tchaikovsky asked two of the
greatest violinists of his day to play his violin concerto, they
refused, deeming the score unplayable (Platt, 1966). Today, elite
violinists consider this concerto part of the standard repertory. The
improvement in music training is so great that according to Roth (1982)
the violin virtuoso Paganini “would indeed cut a sorry figure if placed
upon the modern concert stage” (p. 23).
The Role of Deliberate Practice in the Acquisition of Expert Performance
Ericsson, Krampe, Tesch-Romer 1993
“Most, perhaps as much as 95 percent, of the learning that takes place
in our day-to-day lives operates implicitly – no explicit instruction
was available or necessary.”
(“Ungifted: Intelligence Redefined” – Scott Barry Kaufman)
In Dutch we have to say “dit huis” (this house) and “dat huis” (that house). But it is “deze man” (this man) and “die
man” (that man). Why do we know this? We have learned this implicitly
because Dutch is our mother tongue. We have heard that so often that we
‘feel’ what is right or not. These combinations are stored as a whole in
our long-term memory. There is an explicit rule, but most Dutch people
will not know it.
Continue reading “Massive Exposure and DigLin+”
If I do not practice for one day, I know it. If I miss two days, my wife knows it. If I miss three days, my audience knows it.
This quotation is attributed
to several musicians. The composer and pianist Franz Liszt, the pianist
Vladimir Horowitz, the cellist Pablo Casals and the violinist Jascha
Heifetz. Whoever it was, it reminds us of the great importance of
I do have my doubts as to whether we would hear it after three days.
But not many people will deny the importance of training to perform at
such a high level.
and his colleagues point out to us the shocking amount of hours that
are required to reach this high level. It depends on the discipline and
whether a tradition of professional training has developed, but roughly
speaking research indicates about 10,000 hours of training in ten years
are needed. That is 20 hours a week. That is 3 hours a day!
Continue reading “Routine and learning”
One of our favorite quotes is from Anders Ericsson. He does research
into the development of expertise or (as we often translate it) the
research into excellent learning.
He claims that learners “… should receive immediate information feedback and knowledge of results of their performance.”*
But his next sentence is at least as important.
“The subjects should repeatedly perform the same or similar tasks.”
Continue reading “Immediate feedback and repetition in learning”